LGBTQ Hate Crime
This infographic is an overview of the recent hate crimes towards the LGBTQ community. Lesbian, gay, and transgender people, especially those of color, experience a rise in hate crime over the last few years. A hate crime is motivated by prejudice on the basis of race, religion, sexual orientation, or other grounds. These acts include traditional offense like murder, arson, or vandalism with an added element of bias. The LGBT community has drawn more attention with political and social events unfolding within the US, and as a result more cases have been reported over time. Due to the constant rise and fall of hate crimes over the years, the demand for universal protection from discrimination should be higher. Individual states in the US range from enumerating sexual orientation and gender identity to not having any laws that protect people against hate crime and violence. With states that enumerate sexual orientation and gender identity, more incidents are reported in these states due to less risk of potential job loss compared to other states.
The info-graphic focuses on the amount of incidents reported by different sexual orientations within the year 2010 to 2018. These cases are categorized into 4 groups: Anti-gay (Male), Anti-Lesbian, a mix group consisting of Anti-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgenders, and Anti-Bisexuals.
With the rise and fall of hate crimes towards people of different sexual orientations, some reported cases have been recorded and publicized. These cases are highlighted and organized within the timeline by their date. Each publicized case indicate which out of the four groups have been affected by the hate crime as well as how many people have been affected. These that have been affected are colored red or grey in correspondence to whether they have been killed or injured. A collection of the amount of people killed and injured based on the cases reported by the media from 2010-2018 can be seen below.
Hate Crime in the US
The report of hate crimes can be linked back to hate crime laws within the US. Based on how safe and protected and individual feels within the state they reside in, the more likely they are to report a hate crime case without fear of discrimination within the community.
Part 2: Installation
In addition to the info-graphic, the information was expanded to be displayed as an installation meant to be featured in San Francisco's city hall.
The installation brings together people of all sexual orientations to take a closer look at how the LGBTQ community is affected by hate crimes in the US. Located at city hall in San Francisco, the installation is a tunnel filled with light rings that visitors can walk through on the sidewalk. When visitors walk through the tunnel, motion sensors trigger the rings to light up. The different colors portrayed within the light tunnel represent the different groups of sexual orientations.
With an average of 6,092 hate crimes every year, 1 in 6 of these hate crimes target people in the LGBTQ community. Each ring within the installation represents 10 hate crimes that occur within that specific sexual orientation. There is a total of 113 rings to represent an average of 1,130 LGBTQ hate crimes that occurred within the last 5 years. Within the tunnel there 68 orange rings for anti gay (male) hate crimes, 28 purple rings for a mix of anti-lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender hate crimes, 14 pink rings for anti-lesbian hate crimes and 3 blue rings for anti-bisexual hate crimes.
Above is a mock up of what the installation would look like in front of city hall. As people walk through the tunnel each ring would light up to show them passing by a hate crimes towards different sexual orientations. By the end of the tunnel one would pass by a total of 113 rings to represent an average of 1,130 LGBTQ hate crimes that occurred within the last 5 years.